A significant boost has been revealed under the Language Assistants Scheme with 42 schools in the county set to benefit. Donegal Minister Joe McHugh welcomed the boost for the schools with an investment worth up almost €400,000 being sanctioned on Wednesday.“I am delighted to see a new approach to Scéim na gCúntóirí Teanga, with the language support running for more than 30 weeks across the school year,” Minister McHugh said. “Roinn na Gaeltachta, and Aire Stait Sean Kyne, have also moved to put the scheme on a more secure footing with a three year funding package totalling €3.6million. “Beidh seo ina buntáiste mór do na scoileanna seo agus do na mic léinn atá páirteach sa scéim leis an Ghaeilge a chur chun cinn. “The schools are benefitting with better planning, the cuntóirí get more certainty about their work, the children will learn more and get more from the additional support and ultimately our language and culture is the big winner.”The new three-year funding package Donegal alone will ensure cúntóirí will start working at the beginning of the school. year. The scheme benefits Gaeltacht schools participating in the Gaeltacht education policy and it will now enable them to have language assistants for an extra 6 weeks during the school year from now on – 32 weeks at primary and 31 weeks in post.McHugh continued: “The increased investment and the improved scheme is of huge benefit to the Irish Language and the Gaeltacht community.“It is a big boost for our work in the Gaeltacht education policy and language planning process.”The details of all the schools in Donegal which will benefit from the extra weeks are as follows:S N Cholmcille, An TearmannS N Mhuire, Caiseal Ceann DromaS N Naomh Bríd, Na DúnaibhS N Cholmcille, Duibhleann RiachS N na Sráithe Móire, Leitir CeanainnS N Ghlasáin, An CraoslachS N Loch an IubhairS. N Dhubhtach, AnagaireS N Phádraig, DobharS N Mhuire B&C, Na Doirí BeagaS N Adhamhnáin, An LuinnighS N Chonaill, An Bun BeagS N Oilibhéar PluincéidS N Bhríghde, Mín an ChladaighS N Caiseal na gCorr, Gort an ChoirceS N Cnoc na Naomh, Doire ChonaireS N Naomh Dubhthach, Machaire RabhartaighS N Fhionnáin, An Fál CarrachS N Gort an ChoirceS N Árainn Mhór IIS N Árainn Mhór IS N Taodhbhóg, An ClochánS N An Choimín, An ClochánS N Duchoraidh, An DúchoraidhS N Éadan Fhionnfhraoich, Na GleanntaS N Cholmcille, Baile na FinneS N Min an Aoire, An CharraigS N Chartha, Chill CharthaighS N Na Carraige, An CharraigS N A Chaiseal, Gleann Cholm CilleS N Mhin Teineadh Dé, Ard an RáthaScoil Naomh Cholmcille, ToraighScoil an Aingil Choimheadaí, An ChéidighScoil Chróine An Chlochán LiathScoil an Bhreacaigh, Ard a RathaPobalscoil na RosannGairmscoil Mhic Diarmada, Árainn MhórColáiste na CarraigeGairmscoil Chú UladhColáiste Phobail Cholmcille, ToraighPobalscoil Ghaoth Dobhair, Na Doirí BeagaPobalscoil Chloich Chionnaola42 Donegal schools to benefit from funding package worth almost €400,000 was last modified: June 27th, 2019 by Shaun KeenanShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
The Raiders have made little progress in a 3-11 season … ALAMEDA — Derek Carr didn’t wince when the issue of pass protection was brought up, but could have hardly been blamed if he had.“To be honest, man, going into season, my No. 1 goal, the No. 1 thing I prayed about, was just to finish healthy,” the Raiders quarterback said Thursday. “I didn’t know I was going to get hit the most I ever have. I don’t think any of us saw that happening.”Instead, it’s been target practice.
This “concentrating” solar thermal approach is even more sensitive to clouds and particles than PV panels, since the mirrors can concentrate only the sunlight that arrives in a direct beam from the sun. Clouds and particulate matter scatter the light into directions that can still be utilized by photovoltaic panels but not the precisely angled mirrors.Ivanpah was designed and built to burn some natural gas to maintain peak power generation during times of intermittent clouds. Without the natural gas, Ivanpah’s steam turbines could trip off-line, interrupting power generation. The extra energy from natural gas can enable peak power production to continue until sunny conditions resume or the turbines pause for the night.Ivanpah, which is the largest solar concentrating plant in the world, began operation in early 2014, but unexpectedly cloudy conditions dampened electricity generation to below intended levels. Thus, soon after opening, Ivanpah petitioned the California Energy Commission to increase its use of natural gas. The commission’s staff analysis noted that the request would increase the plant’s carbon dioxide equivalent emissions limit from 62 pounds per megawatt hour (lb/MWh) to 75 lb/MWh. Of course, actual emissions are lower if sunnier conditions negate the need for extra natural gas use and increase solar output.On a percentage basis, this looks like a big increase. But context is needed. U.S. power plants in 2012 emitted an average 1,137 lb/MWh of CO2 – 15 times Ivanpah’s “dirtier” new limit. In fact, this number understates the gap, since the Ivanpah limit includes associated maintenance vehicle emissions not counted in the national average.Fox News and others have branded Ivanpah a “carbon polluter” by noting that its CO2 emissions top a federal threshold that requires reporting as a greenhouse gas emitting facility. Not mentioned is that Ivanpah’s emissions are just half the threshold of a “major stationary source,” denoting large facilities such as fossil fueled power plants or factories. RELATED ARTICLES In Clash of Greens, a Case for Large-Scale SolarSolar Thermal Plant Blamed for Bird Deaths Surge in Renewables Remakes California’s Energy LandscapeHoping for a Climate Change BreakthroughRethinking the Grid Nine Surprising Signs That Momentum Is Building for Climate Action Power towerUnlike the photovoltaic (PV) panels that are proliferating on rooftops such as my own, Ivanpah generates its power by angling mirrors to gather the intense sunlight of the Mojave Desert to produce heat. The mirrors reflect sunlight onto three power towers, where steam turns turbines to generate electricity. The giant Ivanpah solar power plant in the California Mojave Desert recently detailed how much natural gas it burned to generate power when the sun wasn’t sufficient: the equivalent to 46,000 tons of CO2 emissions in its first year, according to reports.Along with its impacts on wildlife and its receipt of federal incentives, news of the CO2 emissions has renewed criticism of the 377-megawatt facility, which supplies 140,000 California homes during peak hours of the day.Why is a solar power plant using natural gas, and does the associated CO2 disqualify it as “green”?The use of natural gas to complement solar in fact highlights a trend toward what I call “speckled green” electricity generation – approaches that are not completely green, but in which natural gas enables more widespread, reliable, and affordable deployments of renewables. Transitional technology?Critics rightly note that Ivanpah’s natural gas use and associated emissions are far higher than originally anticipated, with gas-fired auxiliary power now at times needed 4.5 hours per day rather than one as originally expected. Some critics specifically attack the use of natural gas with solar as “dirty power.”Indeed, natural gas is a non-renewable fossil fuel whose use causes CO2 and methane emissions. However, unless we expect to switch to completely renewable fuels overnight, which is unrealistic, fossil fuels will remain a major part of our energy mix in the decades ahead.I believe using those fossil fuels synergistically with renewables offers great potential. The joint deployment of natural gas with solar thermal energy, sometimes referred to as a “hybrid solar” plant, is one such approach. At Ivanpah, natural gas provided less than 5% of the energy, yet may have substantially boosted solar power output by keeping the turbines online.More broadly, the rapidly dispatchable – that is, able to generate power on demand – and adjustable nature of natural gas power generators enable greater penetration of variable wind and solar on the grid while maintaining reliability. Desert tortoisesThere are, however, other arguments that critics could lodge against Ivanpah.Its electricity output underperformed expectations in its initial year, though output in 2015 has increased sharply. It’s likely that the added flexibility to use more natural gas, together with an extra year of experience, has contributed to the big boost in output.As a cutting-edge energy project, Ivanpah received $1.6 billion in loan guarantees from the Department of Energy, plus a $660 million tax refund under the 30% Investment Tax Credit. Ivanpah also benefits from the tradeable renewable energy credits it generates under California’s Renewable Portfolio Standard. Critics of government incentives for renewable energy may oppose the policies that enabled those incentives and credits. Also, as costs have fallen faster for utility-scale photovoltaic plants than for solar thermal plants, Ivanpah is no longer seen as representing the most affordable possible future for solar.In terms of environmental impacts beyond CO2, Ivanpah has been linked to 3,500 bird deaths. Environmentalists have also criticized Ivanpah for its proximity to some endangered species such as the desert tortoise.Indeed, Ivanpah does not deserve to be considered the pure electric green energy source that we might seek in an ideal world. But all energy sources have environmental impacts, whether from emissions of combustion or obtaining the fuels or building the power plants and solar panels. The bird deaths from solar are tiny compared to those from fossil fuels.At least from a climate perspective, I believe this particular case of “speckled green” energy is doing pretty well, reducing CO2 emissions per MWh by over 90% compared to our national average for electricity. For costs and more flexible siting, though, other approaches are likely to displace Ivanpah as exemplars of the path toward greener, more affordable electricity. Daniel Cohan is an associate professor of Environmental Engineering and Faculty Scholar at Baker Institute for Public Policy at Rice University. This post originally appeared at The Conversation.
Women are more likely to use cellphones for texting or emails to build relationships and have deeper conversations, while men prefer using their devices for entertainment purposes and accessing social networking sites, a new US study has found.Women college students spend an average of 10 hours a day on their cellphones and men college students spend nearly eight, with excessive use posing potential risks for academic performance, researchers from Baylor University said.”As cellphone functions increase, addictions to this seemingly indispensable piece of technology become an increasingly realistic possibility,” said researcher James Roberts, The Ben H Williams Professor of Marketing in Baylor’s Hankamer School of Business.The study noted that approximately 60 per cent of college students admit they may be addicted to their cellphone, and some indicated they get agitated when it is not in sight.The study – based on an online survey of 164 college students – examined 24 cellphone activities and found that time spent on 11 of those activities differed significantly across the sexes.Some functions – among them Pinterest and Instagram – are associated significantly with cellphone addiction. But others that might logically seem to be addictive – Internet use and gaming – were not.Of the top activities, respondents overall reported spending the most time texting (an average of 94.6 minutes a day), followed by sending emails (48.5 minutes), checking Facebook (38.6 minutes), surfing the Internet (34.4 minutes) and listening to their iPods (26.9 minutes).Men send about the same number of emails as women but spend less time on each.”That may suggest that they’re sending shorter, more utilitarian messages than their female counterparts,” Roberts said.advertisementWomen may be more inclined to use cellphones for social reasons such as texting or emails to build relationships and have deeper conversations, the study suggested.The men in the study, while more occupied with using their cellphones for utilitarian or entertainment purposes, “are not immune to the allure of social media,” Roberts said.They spent time visiting such social networking sites as Facebook, Instagram and Twitter. Among reasons they used Twitter were to follow sports figures, catch up on the news – “or, as one male student explained it, ‘waste time,'” Roberts said.The study was published in the Journal of Behavioral Addictions.