14 May 2014 Construction work has begun on a R60-million multi-purpose training and development centre at the Agricultural Research Council in Roodeplaat, Pretoria. The facility will boost the government’s drive to reinvigorate black commercial farming in the country. Speaking to SAnews after the sod-turning ceremony on Tuesday, Rural Development and Land Reform Minister Gugile Nkwinti said the objective was “to rekindle that class of commercial farmers destroyed by the Native Land Act.” The event coincided with the handing over of certificates to 2 000 graduates who successfully completed a programme in vegetable and livestock production at the Roodeplaat training facility. According to Nkwinti, the new facility will complement the department’s flagship programme for young South Africans, the National Rural Youth Service Corps (Narysec). The Narysec was established in Thaba Nchu in the Free State in 2010 to give young people in rural areas the skills they needed either to find employment or to start their own businesses. More than 14 000 people are enrolled in Narysec. “We are creating a class of black people who are going to run the country’s economy over the next decade,” Nkwinti said. “It will actually anchor them, because scientific training will be done here. They will go to Thaba Nchu to implement the theoretical part they have learnt at the new facility.” Nkwinti said the biggest challenge facing South Africa was the threat to food security. “We don’t seem to appreciate the challenge because we can go to the market and buy whatever food we want to eat. However, there are many people who cannot afford it. I’m talking about people who go to bed without having a meal. “We need to produce young farmers who can grow vegetables, produce meat, and those who can also look after the environment to ensure that the environment around us can carry us through the next 100 years. “Again, if we continue to import food that we can also produce ourselves – then it means we will be exposing ourselves to a serious challenge of food security for the next 50 years. As [the] government, we want to reverse this,” he said. The centre will be built through a partnership between the Department of Rural Development and Land Reform and the Agricultural Research Council (ARC). Council CEO Shadrack Moephuli said: “As the ARC, we do research and development for new scientific solutions and technologies. Part of our challenge is finding the best ways in which we can deliver these technologies, the information and the data to the people who are going to use it. “We saw it appropriate that we contribute towards the success of agriculture, particularly land reform,” Moephuli said. “We will provide them with the training so that they can be productive themselves, understand the use of technology, how to respond to the needs of consumers, but also how to ensure to identify the diseases at their respective farms and solve the problems on their own.” Source: SAnews.gov.za
MOST READ Paul Varilla unloaded all of his 15 points in that killer third quarter, while also added two rebounds and two assists for the game.Lester Alvarez also poured 10 of his game-high 17 markers in the third canto, to go with 11 assists and three boards, while Von Tambeling came out strong in the period to drop 13 points, three rebounds, and two dimes.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutout“I really laud Von Tambeling. I didn’t play him in the first half, but he was our spark in that third quarter,” said coach Lawrence Chongson, as Tanduay bucked its sluggish start and came out firing after the halftime break.“The energy that was missing in the first half, I eventually saw it. They only needed some reminders and I’m glad that they responded,” he said. Emil Palma also added 17 markers and eight assists, Adrian Santos got 15 points and eight boards, and Paul Sanga got 13 for the Rhum Masters, which led by as much as 44 late in the game.Former Rhum Master Ken Acibar led the way for Gamboa (1-4) with 16 points and seven rebounds, while Mike Parala had 12 markers and seven boards in the loss.The Scores:TANDUAY 113 – Alvarez 17, Palma 17, Santos 15, Varilla 15, Sanga 13, Tambeling 13, Sollano 6, Taganas 4, Terso 4, Acidre 3, Gaco 2, Vigil 2, Villamor 2, Eguilos 0.GAMBOA COFFEE MIX 71 – Acibar 16, Parala 12, Avenido 11, Acuña 8, Montuano 7, Padilla 6, Jumao-as 5, Riva 4, Vidal 2, Arellano 0, Dadjilul 0, David 0, Knuttel 0.ADVERTISEMENT Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Lester Alvarez. PBA IMAGESTanduay had a blazing third quarter as it clobbered Gamboa Coffee Mix, 113-71, for its third win in the 2017 PBA D-League Foundation Cup Tuesday at Ynares Sports Arena in Pasig.The Rhum Masters started off hot and went on a 23-0 blast to start the third frame as it unleashed 53 points in the period, the most points in a quarter in PBA D-League history, on a scorching 21-of-26 shooting from the field to turn a 37-34 halftime deficit to a decisive 87-49 lead.ADVERTISEMENT Cayetano to unmask people behind ‘smear campaign’ vs him, SEA Games Quarters: 21-20, 34-37, 87-49, 113-71.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss PLAY LIST 02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games 1 dead in Cavite blast, fire World’s 50 Best Restaurants launches new drinking and dining guide Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ Heart Evangelista admits she’s pregnant… with chicken Pacquiao going big, or going bust in the Battle of Brisbane What ‘missteps’? Ethel Booba on hotel’s clarification that ‘kikiam’ is ‘chicken sausage’: ‘Kung di pa pansinin, baka isipin nila ok lang’ WATCH: Firefighters rescue baby seal found in parking garage LATEST STORIES View comments
DefinitionThe aorta is the main artery that carries blood out of the heart to the rest of the body. Blood flows out of the heart and into the aorta through the aortic valve. In aortic stenosis, the aortic valve does not open fully. This decreases blood flow from the heart.Alternative NamesAortic valve stenosis; Rheumatic aortic stenosis; Calcific aortic stenosisCausesAs the aortic valve narrows, the left ventricle has to work harder to create more pressure to pump blood out through the valve. To do this extra work, the muscles in the ventricle walls become thicker. This can lead to chest pain.As the pressure continues to rise, blood may back up into the lungs. Severe aortic stenosis can limit the amount of blood that reaches the brain and rest of the body.Aortic stenosis may be present from birth (congenital), but most often it develops later in life. Children with aortic stenosis may have other conditions present from birth.Aortic stenosis mainly occurs due to the buildup of calcium deposits that narrow the valve. This is called calcific aortic stenosis. The problem generally affects older people.Calcification of the valve happens sooner in patients who are born with abnormal aortic or bicuspid valves. In rare cases, calcification can develop more quickly when a person has received chest radiation (such as for cancer treatment).Another cause is rheumatic fever. This condition can develop after strep throat or scarlet fever. Valve problems do not develop for 5 – 10 years or longer after rheumatic fever occurs. Rheumatic fever is becoming rarer in the United States.advertisementAortic stenosis occurs in about 2% of people over 65 years of age. It occurs more often in men than in women.SymptomsMost people with aortic stenosis do not develop symptoms until the disease is advanced. The diagnosis may have been made when the health care provider heard a heart murmur and performed tests.Symptoms of aortic stenosis include:Chest discomfort: The chest pain may get worse with activity and reach into the arm, neck, or jaw. The chest may also feel tight or squeezed.Cough, possibly bloodyBreathing problems when exercisingBecoming easily tiredFeeling the heart beat (palpitations)Fainting, weakness, or dizziness with activityIn infants and children, symptoms include:Becoming easily tired with exertion (in mild cases)Failure to gain weightPoor feedingSerious breathing problems that develop within days or weeks of birth (in severe cases)Children with mild or moderate aortic stenosis may get worse as they get older. They are also at risk for a heart infection called bacterial endocarditis.Exams and TestsA heart murmur, click, or other abnormal sound is almost always heard through a stethoscope. The health care provider may be able to feel a vibration or movement when placing a hand over the heart. There may be a faint pulse or changes in the quality of the pulse in the neck.Blood pressure may be low.Aortic stenosis is most often detected and then followed using a test called an echocardiogram.The following tests may also be performed:ECGExercise stress testingLeft cardiac catheterizationMRI of the heartTransesophageal echocardiogram (TEE)TreatmentRegular checkups by a health provider may be all that is needed if you have no symptoms or only mild symptoms. The health care provider should ask about your health history, do a physical exam, and perform an echocardiogram.People with severe aortic stenosis may be told not to play competitive sports, even if they have no symptoms. If symptoms do occur, strenuous activity must often be limited.Medicines are used to treat symptoms of heart failure(link) or abnormal heart rhythms (most commonly atrial fibrillation). These include diuretics (water pills), nitrates, and beta-blockers. High blood pressure should also be treated. If aortic stenosis is severe, this treatment must be done carefully so blood pressure does not drop to dangerously low levels.In the past, most patients with heart valve problems were given antibiotics before dental work or an invasive procedure such as colonoscopy. The antibiotics were given to prevent an infection of the damaged heart. However, antibiotics are now used much less often before dental work and other procedures. Check with your health care provider to find out whether you need antibiotics.People with this condition should stop smoking and be treated for high cholesterol.Surgery to repair or replace the valveis often done for adults or children who develop symptoms. Even if symptoms are not very bad, the doctor may recommend surgery based on some test results.A less invasive procedure called balloon valvuloplasty may be done instead of surgery.advertisementA balloon is placed into an artery in the groin, threaded to the heart, placed across the valve, and inflated. However, narrowing often occurs again after this procedure.A newer procedure done at the same time as valvuloplasty can implant an artificial valve. This procedure is most often done in patients who cannot have surgery, but is becoming more common.Some children may need aortic valve repair or replacement. Children with mild aortic stenosis may be able to take part in most activities.Outlook (Prognosis)The outcome varies. The disorder may be mild and not produce symptoms. Over time, the aortic valve may become more narrow, and as a result, more severe heart problems may develop, such as.Atrial fibrillation and atrial flutterBlood clots to the brain (stroke), intestines, kidneys, or other areasFainting spells, called syncopeHeart failureHigh blood pressure in the arteries of the lungs (pulmonary hypertension)The results of aortic valve repair are often excellent. To get the best treatment, go to a center that regularly performs this type of surgery.When to Contact a Medical ProfessionalCall your health care provider if you or your child has symptoms of aortic stenosis.Also contact your doctor right away if you have been diagnosed with this condition and your symptoms get worse or new symptoms develop.ReferencesBonow RO, Carabello BA, Chatterjee K, de Leon AC Jr., Faxon DP, Freed MD, et al; 2006 Writing Committee Members; American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force. 2008 Focused update incorporated into the ACC/AHA 2006 guidelines for the management of patients with valvular heart disease: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (Writing Committee to Revise the 1998 Guidelines for the Management of Patients with Valvular Heart Disease): endorsed by the Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, and Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Circulation. 2008;118:e523-e661.Carabello BA. Valvular heart disease. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 75.Nishimura RA, Carabello BA, Faxon DP, et al. ACC/AHA 2008 guideline update on valvular heart disease: focused update on infective endocarditis: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines endorsed by the Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, and Society of Thoracic Surgeons. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2008;52(8):676-685.Otto CM, Bonow RO. Valvular heart disease. In: Bonow RO, Mann DL, Zipes Dp, Libby P, Braunwald E, eds. Braunwalds Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine. 9th ed. St. Louis, Mo: WB Saunders; 2011:chap 66.Review Date:5/1/2013Reviewed By:Michael A. Chen, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington Medical School, Seattle, Washington Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang.
The wave of sexual assault allegations sweeping through society has rocked Toronto’s usually serene classical music community.On Wednesday morning, the Toronto Mendelssohn Choir announced that two upcoming concerts have been cancelled and that longtime artistic director and conductor Noel Edison has taken a leave of absence. Within a few hours, news surfaced that this arose from allegations of misconduct, still unproven.The boards of the Mendelssohn Choir and the Elora Festival Singers, which Edison co-founded, have launched an independent third-party investigation and said there will be no comment until the results are in. Login/Register With: Advertisement Facebook The #metoo storm surge began crashing over old bastions of male privilege only last October. In less than six months, the flotsam has included the careers of great classical artists, including Metropolitan Opera Company conductor James Levine and former Montreal Symphony Orchestra music director Charles Dutoit. LEAVE A REPLY Cancel replyLog in to leave a comment Advertisement Advertisement Twitter