PhiladelphiaHydraulic fracturing, known as “fracking,” is the process of forcing chemical-laden water into underground shale formations in order to extract natural gas and oil. This practice escalated in the early 2000s.When communities negatively impacted by fracking protested, the energy industry launched massive advertising campaigns promoting natural gas obtained by this process as the “cleaner energy” and touted its safety. Industry executives ridiculously labeled it “green” technology.An overturned truck carrying brine near Coolville, Ohio 2017.The energy companies based their arguments on comparisons with coal and nuclear power. They dismissed scientists’ concerns that the methane gas released by fracking was a more harmful greenhouse gas than carbon dioxide linked to global warming. The drillers claimed well water contamination was “naturally occurring.”Despite voices cautioning that this was another fraudulent, but lucrative, scheme, the global development of “unconventional” fossil fuel drilling fueled a frenzy on Wall Street by 2014. At the time, Washington’s ban on exporting gas and oil from the U.S. caused many industry analysts to question whether domestic sales of fracked oil and gas brought in sufficient earnings to offset the cost of securing land leases and paying for fracking.The Obama administration saved the industry by reversing some prohibitions against exporting U.S. gas and oil. Suddenly there was a rush to create pipelines and facilities to accommodate export abroad, which reaps higher earnings than domestic profits.By 2016, fracking was used in two-thirds of all new wells, reported the Energy Information Administration. There were 1 million active oil or natural gas wells across 33 states.The Trump administration enabled the energy industry to expand the use of fracking by lifting export restrictions. The result was a 300 percent increase in drilling permits. Trump’s rollback of environmental protections directly benefited this industry, already seriously under-regulated.By 2017, U.S. oil production from fracking grew to around 9.6 million barrels a day — nearly double that of a decade earlier. Hydraulic fracturing enabled the U.S. to become the largest oil and gas producer in the world, with natural gas production increasing by 70 percent from 2005 to 2018. However, greenhouse gas emissions also rose, increasing 13 percent in just two years from 2016 to 2018.A trillion gallons of wastewater a yearThe fracking process involves the use of 2 million to 8 million gallons of water per well, depending on the rock formation. The water is mixed with chemicals that are often toxic, even carcinogenic. Companies frequently refuse to disclose the contents of these chemicals, claiming they are “trade secrets.”As the natural gas flows to the surface, it brings wastewater with it, which contains salts and chemicals — and also, radioactive materials that occur naturally in underground formations. Labeled “brine” by the industry, this wastewater often contains high levels of the chemical element radium.Fracking produces nearly 1 trillion gallons of toxic wastewater each year. In January, Rolling Stone magazine reported on an investigation showing that this toxic liquid is making workers sick and is spreading contamination across the U.S.Among workers most affected are truck drivers paid to haul away the brine. Often unknowingly, these tanker-truck drivers carry “hot loads” that average around 9,300 picocuries of radium per liter and can run as high as 28,500 picocuries.Radium, which is abundant in brine, is so dangerous it is subject to tight restrictions, even at hazardous-waste sites. Because radium contains the carcinogens radium-226 and radium-228, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission requires industrial discharge to remain below 60 picocuries per liter of each.The documentary film “Gaslands,” directed by environmentalist Josh Fox and released in 2010, focuses on fracking’s impact in several states. It explains that one fracking injection will yield 200 to 300 tanker trucks of toxic, radioactive waste. Each industrial well site contains dozens of surface pads which each contain 20 or more wells. Fracking at only one well site may require 38,400 to 172,800 tanker-truck trips over its lifespan.Drivers are rarely given protective clothing, and tanker spills are common. The Department of Transportation requires that trucks carrying radioactive materials be clearly designated with placards containing a radioactivity symbol. However, the industry flouts this regulation, as warning signs are rarely displayed on trucks hauling brine.Energy industry labels toxic brine ‘safe’Claiming that brine is “completely safe,” energy companies have concocted many methods to dispose of this dangerous, deadly mix.One common practice in Pennsylvania was to dump the brine directly into nearby rivers until it was exposed when wastewater filtration centers near Philadelphia and Pittsburgh reported extensive corrosion in their systems’ pipes. Then it was banned.Another increasingly common disposal method is to pump millions of gallons of brine deep into injection wells. It has been proven that this practice can trigger damaging earthquakes in areas near wells.Perhaps the most insidious industry practice has been to offer free brine to states and rural townships for use along highways as a winter de-icer and for dust control on unpaved roads. This way to “dispose” of brine deposits high radioactivity in the soil where it will stay forever, endangering nearby communities. Yet, this practice is legal in 13 states!Consumers who buy a turquoise jug of liquid de-icer AquaSalina at their local hardware store can spread brine with radium levels of roughly 2,500 picocuries per liter on their patio, sidewalk or driveway. The industry has knowingly designated this commercial disposal of carcinogenic brine as “beneficial use.” This bottled radioactive waste is even labeled “safe for environment and pets”!FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare this
In an effort to manage and protect its marine resources, fisheries officials in Barbuda have completed the demarcation of the island’s coastal sanctuaries.Over the last three months, a team consisting of Barbuda Fisheries, the Codrington Lagoon National Park, Maurice Underwater Services and the Waitt Institute installed 27 buoys and 15 signs on water and land to mark the boundaries of Barbuda’s marine protected zones. These zones stem from a law passed in 2014, when the Barbuda Council established coastal sanctuaries, no net zones, and anchoring zones around the island.The Barbuda Council established the protected zones to sustainably manage important marine habitats. The reserves allow fish and lobster populations to replenish and spillover into nearby areas that remain open for fishing.“By designating protected areas, Barbudans have taken a bold step in managing their natural resources. They have protected critical habitats such as the Codrington Lagoon that is home to an immense fish and lobster nursery as well as significant area of coral reefs including Palastar Reef. We look forward to seeing the ecological and fisheries benefits in years to come,” says Andy Estep, Waitt Institute Science and Field Manager.In order for sanctuaries to protect the marine environment, complying with the Barbuda’s coastal zones is key.The team surrounding Barbuda Fisheries installed buoys and pilings to ensure that no fishing areas, no net zones and anchoring sites are clearly marked.Sanctuary areas where no fishing can take place are marked with a yellow buoy with blue bands. Areas where no mooring or anchoring are allowed have yellow buoys with a green band, and areas where nets are prohibited have yellow buoys with a red band. Additionally, shipping lanes are marked with red/green buoys.
By The Nelson Daily SportsThe biggest prize of the High School Girl’s Roundball season is up for grabs Friday in the Silver City as four schools compete for a berth at the B.C. High School AA Soccer Championship.Defending zone champion, L.V. Rogers Bombers, enters the final four as the second seed in the Kootenay Zone Tourney.Unfortunately, due a quirk in the regular season schedule — a quirk that saw two of the teams entering the zones not want to play the Bombers — LVR’s West Kootenay schedule consisted of two matches against two Single-A teams, Mount Sentinel Wildcats and J.V. Humphries Eagles of Kaslo.J. Lloyd Crowe Hawks, one of those teams refusing to play the Bombers, is the top seed and meets the winner of David Thompson Lakers of Invermere and Prince Charles Comets of Creston. The other team refusing to meet LVR is Stanley Humphries of Castlegar.The game goes at 10:30 a.m. at J. Lloyd Crowe Pitch.David Thompson and Prince Charles played Thursday with the winner advancing into the final four as the fourth-place team.LVR, led by the dynamic midfield of Andrea Stinson and Taylor Stewart — the two were mainstays on the Kootenay Thunder Regional Team — meet Stanley Humphries Rockers of Castlegar at 10:30 a.m. at Haley Park in Warfield.The Rockers won’t be an easy mark for the Bombers, especially with the team nursing a few nagging injuries from too much action.Many of the Bomber players are part of the Nelson Selects U17 squad that won the gold medal last weekend at the Terry Walgren Girl’s Soccer tournament in Nelson.The teams slugged it out through four games, with the final against Newport being decided in shootout.The winners advance to the final at 2 p.m. at the Crowe Pitch.The zone champ represents the Kootenays at the B.C. High School AA Girl’s Soccer Championships June 2-4 in Port [email protected]
In addition to the live musical acts, fans will be able to enjoy Southern Californian BBQ and bites from a variety of local food trucks, as well as refreshing beverages from 40 craft brewers. Fans can also play complimentary lawn games and learn how to line dance with Gone Country Promotions. A mechanical bull, giveaways and prizes, a photo booth, and shopping opportunities with local merchants will complete the experience. Tickets to Party at the Park can be purchased at breederscup.com/concert Country Music Acts Add to Entertainment at Santa Anita Park for the 2016 World Championships Party at the Park will kick off at 10 a.m. on Saturday, November 5 in the infield at Santa Anita Park, and will offer fans the incredible opportunity to listen to country music as they enjoy world championship racing. The line-up will include country’s hottest new acts, including Tyler Rich, Smithfield and Southern California’s own Daniel Bonte & The Bona Fide as well as Eli V. “Musical entertainment is one element of the enhanced experience the Breeders’ Cup offers, and every year we make a concerted effort to showcase local and emerging talent,” said Bryan Pettigrew, Senior Vice President of Marketing & Sponsorship at the Breeders’ Cup. “By collaborating with Boots On Stage, we’ve been able to tap into the best local talent and we are looking forward to offering fans the ultimate country music experience.” LOS ANGELES (October 14, 2016) – Today Breeders’ Cup, one of Thoroughbred racing’s most prestigious international events, announces Party at the Park, a festive country music experience in partnership with Boots On Stage, Southern California’s premier country music marketing company. Set to take place on Saturday, November 5, Party at the Park will bring some of country’s best new acts to the 2016 Breeders’ Cup World Championships at Santa Anita Park in Arcadia, Calif., and will further elevate the fan experience with a host of activities, local food trucks, prizes and more. Media Contact: Jim Gluckson, Breeders’ Cup, 212-230-9512, jgl[email protected] Hayley Karlan, Nike Communications, 646-654-3445, [email protected] Kaye, Boots On Stage, 310-402-3921, [email protected] Breeders’ CupThe Breeders’ Cup administers the Breeders’ Cup World Championships, Thoroughbred racing’s year-end Championships. The Breeders’ Cup also administers the Breeders’ Cup Challenge qualifying series, which provides automatic starting positions into the Championships races. The 2016 Breeders’ Cup World Championships, consisting of 13 (grade I) races with purses and awards totalling $28 million, will be held Nov. 4-5 at Santa Anita Park in Arcadia, Calif., and will be televised live by the NBC Sports Group. Breeders’ Cup press releases appear on the Breeders’ Cup Web site, www.breederscup.com. You can also follow the Breeders’ Cup on social media platforms Facebook, Twitter and YouTube. About Boots On StageBoots On Stage is a promotions and marketing company for country music in Southern California and surrounding markets. Boots On Stage directly markets to the country music consumer through the use of their official social media platform, radio partners, local showcases, on-site brand activations, tastemakers and influencers as well as local and national media. As Boots On Stage continues to grow, they have become a resource for Artists, Management Companies, Labels and Publicists to reach their core demo in the market(s). For more information on Boots On Stage, please follow up on our social media channels including Instagram, Facebook and Twitter, and on www.bootsonstage.la. -30-