Aug 31 • iPhone XR vs. iPhone 8 Plus: Which iPhone should you buy? Post a comment 19 Photos Tim Cook Apple Tim Cook says Apple isn’t a monopoly. CNBC Apple CEO Tim Cook says he’s tired of the perception that all tech companies are cut from the same cloth, especially from vocal figures in Washington who have called for his company to be broken up.”I’m frustrated that tech is painted as monolithic. Tech is not monolithic,” Cook said Monday during an interview with CNBC, comparing the idea to the notion that all restaurants are alike. The suggestion that tech giants need to be broken up was floated by Sen. Elizabeth Warren in March. The Democratic presidential candidate said tech companies such as Apple, Amazon, Google and Facebook have too much influence over our lives and would like to see them broken up.In Apple’s case, Warren says Apple’s App Store gives the company too much of a competitive advantage.”Apple, you’ve got to break it apart from their App Store. It’s got to be one or the other,” Warren said. “Either they run the platform or they play in the store.”Cook, unsurprisingly, doesn’t see things the way Warren does.”I don’t think anybody would call us a monopoly,” Cook said. “We’re geographically in the same location as a lot of tech companies, and that is about the extent of the commonality.”Warren sees tech companies gaining too much power over the economy, society and democracy. She’s also suggested passing laws that prevent large e-commerce platforms (with global annual revenue of $25 billion or more) from owning both the platform and any sellers on it.”They’ve bulldozed competition, used our private information for profit, and tilted the playing field against everyone else,” she wrote in a blog post about the tech titans. “And in the process, they have hurt small businesses and stifled innovation.”During his CNBC interview, Cook also sought to distance his company from the waves of data privacy scandals that have flowed through the tech community. “We don’t traffic in your data,” he said, defending how the company curates its platform. “We’ve always curated … we don’t get wrapped up in a pretzel about saying, ‘No, that doesn’t go on our platform, no that app doesn’t work, and therefore it’s not going in the App Store,'” he said. “I know that that has opened us for criticism.”But it’s a part of being a shop owner or whatever. If you own the shop on the corner, you decide what goes in your store.” 18 Apple products that changed the world Tags Apple Tech Industry Politics Aug 31 • Best places to sell your used electronics in 2019 Share your voice • 0 Aug 31 • iPhone 11, Apple Watch 5 and more: The final rumors reading • Tim Cook says keep Apple out of tech breakup talk Aug 31 • Your phone screen is gross. Here’s how to clean it See All
Map of SylhetTwo unidentified young men crushed to death under the wheels of a train at Sylhet railway station on Saturday night.The age of the youths is around 20 years, said Jahangir Alam, officer-in-charge of Sylhet GRP police station, reports UNB.The duo fell down while trying to board Dhaka-bound ‘Upoban Express’ around 10:00pm while it was leaving the platform and crushed to death under the train’s wheels.The victims used to push rickshaws on the Keane Bridge area in the city, the OC added.
jahangirnagar universityA faction of Jahangirnagar University teachers on Monday staged a token ‘sit-in’ programme in front of vice chancellor’s office demanding academic council election for unelected and date-expired posts, reports UNB.The teachers under the banner of ‘Shommilito Shikkhak Shomaj’ also demanded the election of Jahangirnagar University Central Students’ Union (JUCSU) after ensuring congenial atmosphere on the campus.They took up positions in front of the VC’s office at 11am and staged the ‘sit-in’ until 1pm.Leader of the anti-VC alliance, professor Kamrul Ahsan said, “According to the university act, VC is compelled to hold elections of different unelected posts. VC professor Farzana Islam earlier decided to hold the elections within 6 May after discussing with the authorities. But, now she is delaying process by showing cause of her sicknesses.”Addressing the function, convener of the teachers’ unity and president of Jahangirnagar University Teachers’ Association (JUTA) professor Ajit Kumar Majumder said they want that the university authority would ensure the congenial democratic atmosphere on the campus and would follow the university acts.”We are not demanding the resignation of JU VC,” he added.Professor Jamal Uddin Runu, JUTA secretary professor Sohel Rana, professor Shamsul Alam Selim, professor Koushik Saha, professor Farid Ahmed, professor Khabir Uddin, professor Kamrul Ahsan and professor Mafruhi Satter, among others, spoke at the programme.Another faction of teachers backed by the VC – ‘Bangabandhur Adarsher Shikkhak Parishad’, termed the demands as inhuman and illogical.JU VC professor Farzana Islam has been on leave since 6 March due to illness.
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi waves to the crowd as he arrives in Medininagar on 5 January 2019, during a campaign sweep through Jharkhand state to inaugurate development projects. Photo: AFPIndia prime minister Narendra Modi’s government announced plans Monday to set aside a quota of government jobs for poorer members of India’s upper caste, months before what looks set to be a challenging re-election bid.India already “reserves” jobs for impoverished and disadvantaged lower castes for civil service jobs and college places, but this has caused resentment among other communities, who say it is unfair and freezes them out.Modi’s plans would help households with an annual income of less than $11,000, the Press Trust of India news agency reported. The change would require a change to the constitution, which caps the number of reserved jobs and college places at 50 per cent.The plans were approved by Modi’s cabinet on Monday. They require approval from both houses of parliament.Modi’s Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) swept to power in 2014, but late last year it suffered painful defeats in three key state elections to the opposition Congress party led by Rahul Gandhi, scion of the Nehru-Gandhi dynasty.Abhishek Singhvi, a Congress spokesman, said on Twitter that the latest move was an “election gimmick” and “proof positive” of Modi’s “fear” of losing power in the vote, which is due to take place by May.Caste-based quotas are meant to provide equal opportunities for India’s poorest and most marginalised groups. Nearly one in four Indians still lives on less than $1.25 a day.Demands for quotas for highly sought-after government jobs and university places have escalated in recent years as unemployment has risen and conditions in rural areas have worsened.In 2016 at least 10 people were killed when thousands of Patidars, a relatively well-off caste of farmers and traders, took to the streets in the western state of Gujarat to demand they be included in those quotas.Similar protests by upper caste groups have been witnessed in other states including Maharashtra and Haryana.
Share Currently, a federal injunction is keeping TPS in effect for people from El Salvador and Haiti, but not Honduras. Those three countries make up 94% of immigrants with these protections. If parents can’t stay in the United States legally, some will leave their families and return to their home countries, according to the report’s author Nicole Svajlenka.“We know that separating children from their families has a lot of repercussions ranging from emotional distress to economic turmoil and all of these are really lasting for young children’s development,” said Svajlenka.She said other parents may opt to stay in the country illegally and could be deported at any time, which would also cause emotional stress for children. Svajlenka also said Texas children have the most to lose if TPS is ended.“Texas is actually the state with the largest number of US citizen children that would be impacted,” she said.TPS has allowed hundreds of thousands of people escaping natural disasters or conflict to work and live legally in the United States for decades. TPS holders from El Salvador, Honduras and Haiti have lived in the United States an average of 22 years. More than half of the 49,000 TPS holders living in Texas from those three countries live in the Houston area. X Listen Photo courtesy of Teodoro Aguiluz (CRECEN)Joel Gómez (right), with the Center of Central American Resources (known as CRECEN by its acronym in Spanish), assists Martir Velasquez (left) with his paperwork to re-register as a recipient of the Temporary Protected Status (TPS).A total of 49,000 Texas children have a parent with Temporary Protected Status from El Salvador, Honduras or Haiti, according to a study by the Center for American Progress.The parents of those children could lose their immigration status if federal courts side with the Trump administration’s decision to end Temporary Protected Status (TPS) for the vast majority of those protected. 00:00 /00:59 To embed this piece of audio in your site, please use this code:
The Baltimore City branch of the NAACP is regrouping with a new agenda and new leadership. The local branch will host a delegation of the city’s civil rights organizations in a meeting with new Police Commissioner Darryl De Sousa next week and has announced a comprehensive economic inclusion agenda in cooperation with the organization’s national headquarters.“We’re taking the lead in bringing local civil rights organizations to a meeting on the 16th of this month. We’re going to be talking about his conversation around plain clothes units. We’re going to be talking about the consent decree,” said Anthony McCarthy, newly appointed executive director of the Baltimore branch.Anthony McCarthy, newly appointed executive director of the Baltimore branch.“The Baltimore NAACP, The National Action Network and the Urban League all plan to be intimately involved in moving forward with the implementation of the consent decree,” said McCarthy, who is a former spokesperson for Baltimore Mayor Catherine Pugh. McCarthy also served in the administrations of Mayor Stephanie Rawlings-Blake and Mayor Sheila Dixon. In addition, he is a former editor with the AFRO.McCarthy was appointed executive director by the chapter’s executive committee in January. Ronald Flamer became president of the Baltimore NAACP after the controversial departure of long-time president Tessa Hill-Aston last Fall.Flamer believes the reinstatement of the executive director’s role will strengthen the chapter and return the Baltimore branch to its core advocacy work with an increasingly complex local civil rights agenda, which includes the Baltimore Police Department’s (BPD) consent decree and continuing the work of moving Baltimore’s economic, educational and public policy agendas forward.“We are excited to have someone of Anthony’s caliber take on this leadership position with the Baltimore City NAACP. He has a strong history of social justice advocacy and brings decades of experience in public service and media to the job,” Flamer said.The Baltimore branch will take the lead in connecting with city government on recommendations in the NAACP’s 2018 Economic Inclusion Plan for Baltimore released Feb. 6 jointly with the organization’s national office and Maryland State Conference.Specific recommendations for jump starting economic viability in Baltimore include vacant land transfer to community land trusts and a local government-enforced crackdown on predatory lending practices that continue to negatively impact home ownership for African-Americans in Baltimore, according to the report.“We now look forward to utilizing these strategies for economic inclusion in our work with the community to truly make a difference,” said Edsel Brown, economic chair, NAACP Maryland State Conference.Collaboration is a key theme for both the Baltimore Branch and the NAACP national office this year. The national headquarters recently experienced a shake-up in 2017 as well, dismissing Cornell Williams Brooks in the spring and replacing him with Derrick Johnson in Aug. 2017.Johnson quickly kicked off a “listening tour” in several cities, including Baltimore, amid the city branch’s turmoil and ultimate change in leadership. The listening tour served as the impetus for the Economic Inclusion report.Finally, McCarthy said the local chapter has adopted a legislative agenda and plans to issue support letters on issues ranging from legislation in support of the city’s two HBCU’s (Coppin State and Morgan State Universities) to HB-687, proposed by State Delegate Antonio Haynes requiring security services at Baltimore’s senior housing sites.The Baltimore Branch of the NAACP was placed under administrative receivership last Fall after Hill-Aston’s departure. The national organization appointed NAACP State Conference Director Gerald Stansbury as branch receiver. The Baltimore branch will hold elections for permanent officers this Fall. Flamer has not yet announced whether he will seek the presidency for a full term.In the meantime, McCarthy plans to prove the value of hiring full-time staff to support the Baltimore Branch through service. “I’m committed to serving this organization. I am going to work diligently every day and earn my keep,” McCarthy said.
by NPR News Jon Hamilton 8.21.19 1:23pm In mice, scientists have used a variety of drugs to treat brain disorders including murine versions of Alzheimer’s disease, depression and schizophrenia. But in people, these same treatments usually fail. And now researchers are beginning to understand why. A detailed comparison of the cell types in mouse and human brain tissue found subtle but important differences that could affect the response to many drugs, a team reports Wednesday in the journal Nature.”If you want to develop a drug that targets a specific receptor in a specific disease, then these differences really matter,” says Christof Koch, an author of the study and chief scientist and president of the Allen Institute for Brain Science in Seattle.One key difference involved genes that cause a cell to respond to the chemical messenger serotonin, says Ed Lein, a study author and investigator at the institute. “They’re expressed in both mouse and human, but they’re not in the same types of cells,” Lein says. As a result, “serotonin would have a very different function when released into the cortex of the two species.”That’s potentially a big deal because antidepressants like Prozac act on the brain’s serotonin system. So testing these drugs on mice could be misleading, Lein says.The comparison was possible because of new technology that allows scientists to quickly identify which of the hundreds of types of brain cells are present in a particular bit of brain tissue.The technology does this by detecting which genes are switched on in each cell. That reveals a genetic signature indicating the type of cell.”In one fell swoop you can get a more or less comprehensive understanding of all of the different types of cells that make up a brain region,” Lein says.This also makes it much easier to compare brain tissue from different species, he says.”We now have access to this fine level of resolution in the human brain and the ability to compare across and see how good a model a mouse or a monkey actually is,” Lein says.The list of cell types also should help researchers see what goes wrong in human brain disorders, Koch says.”A lot of neurological diseases, a lot of psychiatric diseases that we’re suffering from are due to specific defects in particular types of cells,” Koch says.For example, Parkinson’s disease affects brain cells that make a substance called dopamine. And epilepsy involves special cells that tamp down brain activity.Now, researchers have a way to make sure the types of cells involved in a particular disease work the same way in people as in an animal model, Koch says.”The technology finally caught up with what we’ve been needing to do for probably over 40 years,” says Tomasz Nowakowski, an assistant professor of anatomy at the University of California, San Francisco who co-wrote an editorial that accompanied the study. To compare mouse and human brain cells, researchers first analyzed sixteen thousand human brain cells taken from the middle temporal gyrus, a part of the cortex, the brain’s outermost layer. Then they looked at cells taken from the same area of a mouse brain.”In one sense, they are remarkable similar,” Koch says, noting that both mice and people had about 100 different types of cells in this region of the brain.But a close comparison of 75 of these brain cell types revealed small differences.Nowakowsky is especially intrigued by the finding that cells called microglia have a slightly different genetic signature in mice and people.”Those cells are the immune cells of the brain,” he says. “And you might imagine that studies or insights into neuroimmune disorders, for example, might be vastly affected by this difference.”Neuroimmune disorders include multiple sclerosis, systemic lupus, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. But there’s growing evidence that microglia also play an important role in Alzheimer’s disease.And that could be one reason experimental Alzheimer’s drugs have helped mice, but not people.Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit NPR. Subtle Differences In Brain Cells Hint at Why Many Drugs… David Robertson, ICR